Carpenter Training

Being a carpenter is one of the most versatile construction occupations, with workers commonly doing a variety of tasks. Some examples of those duties are: carpenters install kitchen cabinets in homes, install drywall, and others might insulate office buildings. Some carpenters build scaffolding and braces for buildings while others might make the wooden concrete forms for cement footings in large buildings or bridges. These are only a few of the jobs a carpenter might do. Now comes the question of, what kind of training does it take to become a carpenter? Carpenter training can consist of on-the-job training as a helper, attending a technical school for carpentry, or completing an apprenticeship in carpentry. It is important to note that if you do not have carpentry training and need a major project completed on your home then it's beneficial to contact a professional like Dallas roofing.

Many individuals start out being a runner, or helper, on a construction site. They will help out with odd jobs and run errands for the contractor or construction site supervisor. Often this position helps with getting an apprenticeship, and it is also valuable experience if you decide to take a formal carpentry training program at a school. Most carpenters though, learn their trade through a 2-4 year apprenticeship. Dependent upon the state and the organization you will need to complete a specific amount of hours of paid technical training and a certain amount of hours of paid on-the-job training.

Carpentry Training Basics

In the technical training, apprentices learn carpentry training basics like; mathematics, building code requirements, blueprint reading and first-aid and safety practices. They might also receive specialized training in rigging, scaffold building, concrete, and OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) safety courses.

You can find information for each state and the apprenticeship programs they have on the internet. For example in Wisconsin you can find information on carpenter training, or apprenticeships, on the following website:, there are a variety of apprenticeships under the title of carpenter, some of them are as follows:

  • Interior Systems Carpentry Apprenticeship
  • Carpenter: Millwright Apprenticeship
  • Construction Carpenter Apprenticeship
  • Carpenter: Cabinet Maker Apprenticeship

In carpenter training you will need to learn a variety of skills and most apprenticeships, or carpentry training programs will teach you these valuable skills. Below is a list of the skills you will learn during your training.

MASTERING BASIC CARPENTRY SKILLS. Includes: Read tape measure, compute architectural dimensions, use basic hand and power tools, determine dimensions from a blueprint, interpret building specifications, knowledge of local building codes, basic knowledge of other trades, knowledge of how to create a safe working environment, including a knowledge of OSHA, select materials for installation.

CUTTING, SHAPING, AND FASTENING STOCK. Includes: Cut stock to size, crosscut dimensioned lumber to size, rip-saw dimensioned lumber to size, bore holes, fasten framing stock with nails, fasten stock with screws, construct a square frame, cut holes and patterns in stock.

ESTIMATING/SELECTING MATERIALS. Includes: Estimate interior underlayment, estimate rough framing materials, select windows, select doors and jambs, and determine proper use of materials.

BUILDING AND INSTALLING THE FOUNDATION. Includes: Inspect foundation, square foundation, level foundation, select steel beams.

FRAMING THE FLOOR. Includes: Check condition of foundation, install sill plate, install wood post, install solid and composite wood beam, install built-up wood girder, install steel beam, lay out floor framing detail on sill plate, cut floor joists, frame floor opening, to include fireplace/hearth box, install floor joists, install cantilevered floor joists, install bridging and blocking, install subfloor sheathing, install prefabricated stair unit.

FRAMING THE WALLS. Includes: Lay out walls on floor deck, cut wall plates, lay out wall framing detail on wall plates, cut studs, headers, jacks, rough sills, and cripples, assemble corner and tee posts, assemble header, frame door opening, frame window opening, assemble wall section, install double top plate, install wall blocking, install fire stops, install corner brace, install exterior wall sheathing, raise and anchor wall section, plumb, align, and brace wall section.

FRAMING THE CEILING. Includes: Lay out ceiling framing detail on top wall plate, cut ceiling joists, install ceiling joists, frame ceiling opening, install ribband, install strongback (stiffener or catwalk), install ceiling backing, fasten ceiling joists to partition walls, frame interior bulkhead, install disappearing stair unit.

FRAMING THE ROOF. Includes: Lay out roof framing detail on cap plate, lay out common, header, and cripple rafters, cut rafters, install ridgeboard, frame roof opening, install rafters, install sub-fascia, frame gable end overhang, frame blind valley, frame gable dormer, frame shed dormer, install collar beams, install rafter support purloins, install roof sheathing, frame chimney saddle.

INSTALLING TRUSSES. Includes: Lay out for truss installation, set trusses by hand, set trusses with light crane, brace trussed roof assembly according to manufacturer's specifications, frame opening in roof assembly, repair trusses according to engineering instructions, select trusses per plans.

INSTALLING WINDOWS AND DOORS. Includes: Install pre-hung window according to manufacturer's specifications, install pre-hung exterior door according to manufacturer's specifications, install sidelight, install transom, assemble and install sliding glass or french patio door, install inside jamb for garage door, plumb and square doors and windows.

CONSTRUCTING AND INSTALLING STAIRS. Includes: Lay out straight run stair stringer, cut basement stair components, construct basement stair unit.

INTERIOR FINISHES. Includes: Install wall paneling, install closet accessories, install shelving, install baseboards, install ceiling molding, case interior opening, install interior door jamb, hang interior door, install pre-hung interior door unit, install folding (accordion) door, install sliding door, install bi-fold door, install pocket door, install cylinder lockset, install lockset, install door holder, install flush bolt, install door plate, install weather-stripping, construct open shelving, install wall cabinet and hardware.

FRAMING DECKS AND PORCHES. Includes: Install ledger board, fasteners, and flashing, install wood support posts, install solid wood beam, install built-up wood girder, install deck joists, install decking, install railing and footings, layout out, cut, construct, and install stairs.

EXTERIOR FINISHES. Includes: Construct box cornice, construct rake cornice, case exterior opening, install wood jamb window unit, install pre-hung exterior door unit, hang exterior door, install exterior door jamb, install corner board for wood siding, install wood fascia, install wood soffit, install prefabricated column, install bevel siding, install fixed exterior features.

With the variety of carpentry training options you can get the training that is right for you and fits your schedule.